Monday, January 29, 2007

Japanese Noodle Soup



Noodle soup can be a wonderfully comforting meal on a cold winter night. For many years I have been experimenting with Japanese noodle soup, with little success. The past attempts were edible, but not quite right--they just didn't reproduce enough of the aromas and flavors I remember from my trips to Japan. But recently, Elizabeth Andoh's Washoku has helped me close in on what I'm seeking.

One of the keys is to have a good dashi (stock), as it forms the base for the other flavors and the aroma profile. I make a simple vegetarian dashi using kombu sea vegetable and shiitake mushroom stems. (The recipe I use is near the bottom of this post.) After you have a good stock recipe, there are endless possible variations: different kinds of tofu, mushrooms, other sea vegetables, greens, and so on.


The Basic Recipe

  1. Make some dashi (vegetarian recipe below). After you strain the stock, add some mirin and soy sauce (about 1/2 tablespoon each per cup of stock).

  2. Add the additions to either the stock or your soup bowl (see list and instructions below).

  3. Cook some udon (fat noodles made from wheat) or ramen (medium-sized egg noodles) noodles. When done, either drain and rinse for later use, or put them into a soup bowl and immediately cover with hot broth.



Additions, and when to add them

Different ingredients require different treatment. Some cook so quickly that the heat of the broth in the soup bowl is sufficient. Others need a few minutes in the hot broth to soften or gain seasoning.

  • Diced tofu - add to broth about 10 minutes before serving
  • Tofu "skin" (abura agĂ© or yuba) - add to broth a few minutes before serving
  • Enoki mushrooms - put in soup bowl (the hot broth will cook them)
  • Shiitake mushrooms - if dried, rehydrate them in hot water, then strain the soaking liquid through a coffee filter into your broth. If fresh, add to broth a few minutes before serving.
  • Sliced scallions - put in soup bowl
  • Greens like mizuna or spinach - put in soup bowl
  • Grated diakon - put in soup bowl
  • Wakame (a sea vegetable) - add to broth a few minutes before serving
  • Other vegetables - add to broth in advance so that they'll be cooked to your preferred tenderness
  • Miso - add to broth at the last minute


Vegetarian Dashi
Adapted from Elizabeth Andoh's Washoku

To make a vegetarian dashi, place a piece of kombu sea vegetable and several dried shiitake mushrooms into some cool water. The ratio that Andoh uses is 15-20 square inches of kombu and three mushrooms to 4 1/4 cups of water. Let this mixture steep as long as possible in the refrigerator, preferably overnight. A long soaking allows the natural glutamates (flavor enhancers) to go into the water (indicated by slime on the kombu). When ready to make the stock, put the mixture in a pan over medium heat. Bring it almost to a boil, then reduce the heat slightly to keep it at a low simmer. Keep it at this point for 5 minutes, then turn off the heat. Let the mixture steep for 5 minutes more, and then strain into a saucepan.



Indexed under Japan, Main Dishes
Technorati tags: Japan : vegetarian : Food

5 comments:

Catherine said...

Yum! I loved that book! I will definitely try this!

Chiqui said...

yup, this is the article that led me to your blog. Thanks! Last night, made a pastitsio/pasticcio with lentils, eggplant, etc. not bad.

bc said...

Thanks

I am forever searching for the right soup that I grew up with in Japan.

Your post helped guide me.

anime4christ said...

Sounds really good; a bit different from my usual way of preparing it, though very similar. One small notice though, the dashi recipe there isn't really vegetarian since seaweed isn't a vegetable, but algea. So it's sort of an animal.

Dreaming Gardener said...

Dude, I totally did not know that seaweed is not a vegetable, I thought they were veggies of the sea! Regardless, I made a variation on the authentic japanese noodle soup. I hope it helps someone out.

btw, I like the parts bit, very good way of trying to come up with a blog that will encompass all the things we want to write about, without being restrictive.