In an interview in the SF Chronicle, Elizabeth Andoh explains washoku:
It [washoku] has several meanings. Washoku is written with two characters. The first, "wa," has two meanings. It can mean indigenous to Japan, so when it is used before another word, it means Japanese. "Shoku," the other character, means anything that is consumed. So washoku means the food that is indigenous to Japan. Western food would be yoshoku. The second meaning of the "wa" calligraphy is harmony. So washoku is also the harmony of food. If you layer those together, you have the harmony of food that is indigenous to Japan.For more Elizabeth Andoh on-line, consult her writings at the Tokyo Food Page, or her Taste of Culture website.
I was initially put off by the restaurant's name of Medicine, because to me that word is something to be avoided---it's what you take when you are not well. But the more I think about it, the more the name makes sense. The food system in the U.S. is clearly not well, and it needs serious treatment. The sickness goes across the entire span from the farmer (overuse of pesticides, agribusiness overconsolidation, GMOs), to the marketers (gimmicks and junk), to the consumer (obesity, forgetting where food comes from). With this in mind, a healthier, more sustainable way of eating---or "loving kindness to your body", as the Medicine motto goes---would be a step towards recovery.
The event was a multicourse vegetarian shojin-style meal, in which Andoh had collaborated with the restaurant staff to create an appropriate menu. Jennifer of Life Begins at Thirty wrote an excellent description of the event and the washoku philosophy at the Bay Area Bites blog. Her description of how groups of five define washoku is quite good (color, ways of cooking, tastes, senses). While browsing through my copy of Donald Richie's A Taste of Japan (for his thoughts on "negative space" in Japanese cuisine), I found yet another group of five:
There are five types of arrangement (moritsuke) of food on dishes. The most common is yamamori, a mountainlike mounded arrangement. There is also sugimori, a standing or slanting arrangement, like the cedar (sugi) that gives the style its name. There is also hiramori, a flat arrangement used for foods such as sashimi. And there are ayamori (woven arrangements) and yosemori (gathered arrangements) as well.
If you're a vegetarian living near or visiting San Francisco, be sure to visit the Medicine Eat Station for a delicious and nourishing meal that blends old and new styles of Japanese cooking.
- Top photo: a bottle of "Big Mountain" Ohyama Sake from Yamagata prefecture (a tokubetsu junmai). For explanation of sake terms, visit True Sake's learning pages or Sake World's Glossary
- Middle photo: the Chikuzen Daki, vegetables and konnyaku simmered in a shoyu-based broth.
- Bottom photo: nine-grain rice, fresh pickles, and miso soup with enoki mushrooms.
Indexed under Restaurants : Japan